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Palaiopoli was the capital of the island for 12 centuries (from the 6th century BC until the 6th century AD). This settlement started to develop when the residents of Zagora and Ypsili decided to leave rural life behind and form larger communities in the middle of the 8th century BC. The city was discovered in the 19th century by researchers and the first excavation was carried out by the well-known urban planner Kleanthis. In 1832, the Hermes of Andros was discovered along with a statue of a woman in the style of the “Cretan snake goddess”. Both of them are on display in the Archaeological Museum of Chora since 1981. A second excavation was conducted in 1956 by archaeologist Nikolaos Kontoleon. It brought to light the agora of the ancient city and a large building with a series of votive statue pedestals along its façade.   Excavation findings are on display at the Archaeological Collection of Palaiopoli.                             
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Archaeological sites

On the western coast of the island, the settlements of Zagora and Ypsili were well-organized and fortified and between the 8th and 7th centuries B.C. Andros played a significant role, since it was an important point of passage from Central Greece and Euboea to the Aegean. These settlements were abandoned or went into decline at the end of the 8th century, and their place was taken by the archaic city-state in the area of Palaiopoli.   Info Zagora can be visited (there is a path that takes 20 minutes and is marked on the road between Stavropeda and Korthi). To reach the excavation in Palaiopoli you will have to ask for directions (there is no road; you need to go through farmland to reach it). The archaeological site of Ypsili is closed.  

Zagora- Strofilas

Zagora The geometric settlement of Zagora, which was first inhabited at the end of the 10th century BC, was built on a steep plateau on the Zagora peninsula. It is considered to have been founded in the 10th century BC and prospered until the end of the 8th century BC. The settlement had a shrine, a temple, houses and significant fortifications.   Strofilas The residents of the island lived in organized communities since the late Neolithic period (4500-3300BC) at the site of Strofilas, where the biggest Neolithic settlement of the Aegean is located, and at the sites of Mikrogiali and Vriokastro in the north of the island. The earliest fortification and the oldest temple of the Aegean, as well as rock paintings of boats that are nearly 4000-4500 years old and depictions of fish and deer have been discovered at Strofilas. All of these findings are considered unique (an excavation is being conducted by the 21st Ephorate of Prehistoric Antiquities). This site was abandoned at the end of the Neolithic period and its inhabitants moved to the area of Plaka. The settlement there flourished during the middle Bronze Age.      Info You can visit Zagora (it’s a 20-minute walk through a trail – there are signs on the road connecting Stavropeda to Korthi). You will have to ask for directions in order to reach the excavation site in Palaiopoli (there is no road leading there, thus you will need to pass through the fields). The archaeological site of Ypsili is closed. For further information please visit the following website:
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The geometric settlement of Ypsili, which was discovered in 1981, is located on a rocky hill and extends over a surface of 60 acres. A temple dating back to the 6th century BC was found on the acropolis of the settlement. It was probably dedicated to Demeter and Persephone. 
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My Aegean
Co-financed by Greece and the European Union - European Regional Development Fund