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Ancient Port of Mandraki

Ancient port facilities lie on the seabed of the small harbor of Mandraki that is located northwest of Episkopi. An over 100m long breakwater made of boulders is discernible at the bottom of the sea. The stone blocks surrounding it attest to the presence of an ancient dock. The entire structure protected the ancient harbor against south and southwest winds, namely the only ones that posed a threat. Ruins of a breakwater in the strait between the rocky coast and a nearby islet indicate that the harbor was closed and probably fortified at that point. A strong defensive wall, parallel to the current coast was discovered at the innermost point of the cove, at a depth of 2.5m. In 2008, underwater excavations brought to light significant marble statues of the Roman period. The torso of a warrior wearing a breastplate that dates back to the 1st century BC and three Hermaic columns were among the findings. The area is accessible through an easy dirt road that intersects the road connecting Chora to Merihas. Make sure you bring along a diving mask.  
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The Mesolithic Settlement of Maroulas

On the northeastern coast of the island, at the Maroulas area near Loutra, archaeological excavations brought to light very significant findings related to human evolution in the Eastern Mediterranean basin. The excavations, which ended in 2005, unearthed 30 round spaces that used to be hut floors. 15 tombs, one of which contained a human skeleton and grave goods made of pyrite, obsidian, and quartz, were found below their stone layers. Ten different carbon samples were used to define the age of the findings that lies somewhere between 8800 and 8600 BC. Clearly, Maroulas of Kythnos has an outstanding position on the world map of paleoanthropology, as this is the first time that an outdoor area with built structures from the Mesolithic period is discovered in Greece, and more specifically in the Aegean area. The settlement was either built at the same or at an earlier period than the one in the cave of Frahthi in Argolida and the one in the cave of Gioura on Alonnisos. The Mesolithic era, that is the one that separates the Palaeolithic from the Neolithic era, constitutes a transitional stage for humanity between the nomadic hunter-gatherer society and the permanent settlement and development of agriculture and fishing. Maroulas and its proximity to Milos, from which the necessary obsidian stone was obtained, prove the active role of the Cyclades in the evolution of the early prehistoric man. 
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My Aegean
Co-financed by Greece and the European Union - European Regional Development Fund