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AEGEAN ISLANDS

Archaeological site of Gyroula

The valley around the hill south of the village Sangri was since the antiquity full of rural settlements, whose inhabitants developed around the 8th century B.C. the cult of chthonic deities (Demeter and Persephone), in order to ensure the fertility of the land. In 530 B.C., in the period of Lygdamis tyranny a glorious marble temple was built here. The Ionic two-aisled temple is the precursor of the classical Attic architecture, which a century later offered humanity the Parthenon.
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Acropolis of Panormos

This monument has been declared historic and preserved. It is located south of Moutsouna, at the end of the road that crosses large part of coastal Naxos. In 10min walking on Panormos beach you reach the ruins of the prehistoric acropolis at Korfari of Amygdalies. Above the hill there are remains of houses, walls and deserted buildings from a very old settlement. The scenery is magnificent and the view of Koufonisia is gorgeous.   Acropolis is early Cycladic and dates back to the end of the 3rd millennium B.C. It was discovered in 1963 by the archaeologist Mr. Christos Ntoumas, excavation leader in Akrotiri of Santorini for many successive years.
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It is one of the most important archaeological sites of the island and stretches over about 11km. It operated from the 6th to the 8th century A.D. and brought the rich waters of the springs of Flerio and Melanes to Naxos Town. The Naxians made a hole in the mountain and constructed a tunnel to make this aquaduct. In the valley with the springs and the waters there used to be a sanctuary, where they worshiped a goddess of land fertility and a hero/ protector of the quarrymen who worked in the neighboring quarries.
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The tomb of ancestors

Its official name is Epitopio museum of Mitropoleos square and it is located on the north side of Naxos town. The most important part of the archaeological site is under the square and consists of the remains of a significant tomb. Naxos people used to bury here the dead since the 10th century B.C. The 8th century B.C. a central yard was created and around 800 B.C. the ruins of the city and the cemetery were covered with plinths thus creating a tomb.
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Iria sanctuary at Livadi

It is regarded the official sanctuary of the island urban centre during the archaic period. The cult goes back to Mycenaean times (1300 B.C.). It was a timeless cult centre of Dionysus in the antiquity and Agios Georgios afterwards. The cult in a temple, which replaced the earlier form of worshiping the gods in the open air, is distinguished in four phases: a) 800 B.C.: a single-aisled temple constructed of wood and bricks, b) 730 B.C.: an elongated four-aisled hall, c) early 7th century B.C.: a three-aisled temple that is an early form of tetrastyle portico and d) 580-570 B.C.: the earliest stone Ionic prostyle temple is constructed. The quadrilateral Stoic edifice found to surround the temple has been identified to a ceremonial dining hall and gives important information about the history of the dining ritual in sanctuaries.    
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The Kouros

Naxos land is rich in high quality marble. Important ancient quarries have been found between the valley of Flerio, Melanes and Potamia. There have been discovered traces of habitation and quarrying, dating back to the 3rd millennium B.C. The unfinished colossal statues of Kouros stand near the quarries, where the ancient quarrymen and sculptors left them, in gullies and slopes and are really impressive.
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Tower of Chimarros

It is one of the most important monuments of Naxos, the island's trademark, just like the gate of the ancient temple of Apollo, Portara. It is located on the southeastern side of the island, in about the middle of the road between Zas and the sea, on a hill which is defined by Chimarros on the east and Petronia on the west. The tower of Chimarros is preserved to an impressive height of 15m. It is cylindrical, with an external diameter of 9.20m, and built with large marble blocks, many of which are more than 2m long. Their weight probably exceeds one ton and are expertly assembled, without sandstone.
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The famous Portara, trademark of Naxos, is located right next to the port, on a rocky islet called Palatia and is bound to the mainland by a paved path. The name was given by the locals. It is the monumental doorway of the temple of Apollo that collapsed before being completed (probably during construction) and was never built again.
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